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Opened 9 years ago

Closed 9 years ago

Last modified 9 years ago

#34409 closed defect (bug) (fixed)

random_bytes() prevents me to log in if PHP is 5.3.5

Reported by: imath's profile imath Owned by: dd32's profile dd32
Milestone: 4.4 Priority: high
Severity: blocker Version:
Component: General Keywords: has-patch
Focuses: Cc:


Since r35365, when i try to log in WordPress on a local WAMP stack using PHP 5.3.5 i get this fatal error :

Fatal error: Maximum execution time of 60 seconds exceeded in D:\path_to_wp\wp-includes\random_compat\random_bytes_openssl.php on line 64

xdebug is giving me these pieces of information :

Call Stack
#	Time	Memory	Function	Location
1	0.0072	689848	{main}( )	..\wp-login.php:0
2	0.3460	25607752	wp_signon( )	..\wp-login.php:776
3	0.3611	25695560	wp_set_auth_cookie( )	..\user-functions.php:94
4	0.3611	25696040	WP_Session_Tokens->create( )	..\pluggable.php:921
5	0.3611	25696648	wp_generate_password( )	..\session.php:147
6	59.2952	25697008	wp_rand( )	..\pluggable.php:2138
7	59.2952	25697168	random_int( )	..\pluggable.php:2185
8	59.2953	25697392	random_bytes( )	..\random_int.php:148

When i switch to PHP 5.4.9 i have no problem ??

As WordPress PHP required version is 5.2.4, i thought i should add this ticket. Maybe it's relative to my WAMP Stack, but just in case...

Attachments (1)

34409.patch (567 bytes) - added by imath 9 years ago.

Download all attachments as: .zip

Change History (16)

#1 @dd32
9 years ago

  • Component changed from Login and Registration to General
  • Milestone changed from Awaiting Review to 4.4
  • Priority changed from normal to high
  • Severity changed from normal to blocker

Hi @imath,
Thanks for reporting this! It's definitely not the intended behaviour.

Can you provide some more details about your server environment? Specifically the version of OpenSSL which you're running?

cc @sarciszewski

#2 @dd32
9 years ago

Noting it here, although it doesn't apply specifically to this case, in PHP 5.3.4 and earlier on Windows it's a known issue that openssl_random_pseudo_bytes() may block for a significant amount of time.

On later versions it's also known for being slow when running under CGI.

#3 @imath
9 years ago

Hi @dd32

Thanks a lot for your quick reply. It's probably this WAMP stack configuration that is getting old i guess :)

Openssl is 0.9.8o

And here's a truncated phpinfo if it can help

But i'm not sure it's linked to the Openssl version as when i switch to php 5.4.9 it's the same and everything works fine.

Last edited 9 years ago by imath (previous) (diff)

#4 @dd32
9 years ago

Looks like although this function exists in the OpenSSL extension, on windows systems it doesn't use the OpenSSL provided function and instead prefers the Windows Crypto API instead, however that's only in PHP 5.4.1+.

#5 @sarciszewski
9 years ago

If I'm reading this correctly, we should probably prevent openssl_random_pseudo_bytes() from being invoked on PHP < 5.3.3; does that sound right to you @dd32?

#6 @sarciszewski
9 years ago - This should fix the known problem that Dion referred to on Windows.

If you change [this constant]( from 50304 to 50401 does this performance problem evaporate?

(Note that OpenSSL is our last resort, so this means that you're not benefiting from a CSPRNG on outdated versions of PHP on Windows.)

#7 @imath
9 years ago


Well the file is a bit different in WP Core >

But if i apply the attached patch (34409.patch) using the 50401 constant it's now possible to log in using PHP 5.3.5.

9 years ago

#8 @sarciszewski
9 years ago

Okay, I opened a ticket on random_compat to discuss our way forward:

#9 @dd32
9 years ago

In 35410:

Update Random_Compat to master.
This update mostly concerns OpenSSL being unusable on PHP 5.3~5.3.3.
See #28633, #34409

#10 @wonderboymusic
9 years ago

  • Keywords has-patch added
  • Owner set to dd32
  • Status changed from new to assigned

#11 @dd32
9 years ago

So far all i've been able to determine is that yes, random_int() can be slow with OpenSSL on windows under certain situations in <= php 5.3.8. Using XAMPP has shown that every call to random_int() takes roughly 1.2s using OpenSSL in those versions of PHP, which is about the same speed as PHP 5.3.0~5.3.3 in my testing.

PHP 5.4.7 is orders of magnitude faster (The XAMPP version which includes 5.4.4 is broken, and none include 5.4.0/5.4.1).

I'm going to bump the WP version to PHP 5.4.1+ for OpenSSL since that's when the last major change occurred, and we can't really risk it.

#12 @dd32
9 years ago

The builds directly from don't suffer the same problem when running as CLI scripts, so i suspect it's something to do with how they're used when run as mod_php.

#13 @dd32
9 years ago

  • Resolution set to fixed
  • Status changed from assigned to closed

In 35587:

Random_Compat: Bump the OpenSSL requirement for windows servers to 5.4.1 while the upstream issue is resolved.

Before PHP 5.4.1 the OpenSSL extension used a OpenSSL provided function which is seemingly slow under some circumstances, PHP 5.4.1+ uses the windows crypto API.

Fixes #34409

#14 @dd32
9 years ago

For reference, WP_Session_Tokens->create() calls wp_generate_password( 43 ) which calls random_int() 43 times, which if it's taking >1s is easy to hit timeouts for.

#15 @dd32
9 years ago

In 35600:

Update random_compat to master.
Clarifies strings, Merges [35587] upstream.
See #34409, #28633

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